Dry Mouth During Pregnancy

Pregnant young woman with nausea

Pregnancy comes with a lot of discomfort; dryness of the mouth, also referred to as “cotton mouth”, can be one of them. Keep reading, as I improvise on the symptoms, causes, effects, and remedies.

Pregnancy, with the inexplicable joy of gifting you with a newborn child, also bombards you with quite a few health issues, and a lot of dos and don’ts. You may face discomfort during pregnancy, due to the hormonal fluctuations brought about by the metabolic activities. Some of the signs of discomfort include, increased weakness, heartburn, urgency to urinate frequently, vomiting, and backache. Beside all these usual symptoms, you may also face a very common symptom; dryness in the mouth.

It is not unusual to experience increased thirst and a parched mouth during pregnancy, while a few expecting women also face the problem of excess saliva secretion. In fact, thirst and dry mouth are the most frequently raised complaints pertaining to oral health, after conception. So, is there any relation between dry mouth and pregnancy? Or is dry mouth a normal sign?

Symptoms
The symptoms of a dry mouth, when one is pregnant, are no different from the normal, otherwise symptoms of a dry mouth. You obviously know your mouth is dry when there is no saliva being produced to keep your mouth wet. Apart from this obvious symptom, you may face several other symptoms of mouth dryness. Stickiness in the mouth, chapped dry lips, cracked sore lips or lip corners, parched throat, red, raw tongue, etc., are all signs of a dry mouth. When your mouth runs dry, you have difficulty in chewing and swallowing food, and talking. Dizziness and headache may follow as other symptoms of a cotton mouth.

Causes
The saliva of the mouth contains 98 percent water. It reduces rough friction in the mouth due to dryness. Absence of saliva can be one of the major reasons of having a dry mouth. It can occur due to many reasons. Dehydration ranks first in the list of those reasons. Lack of water (dehydration) can be the root, and is the basic cause of mouth dryness.

So, how does dehydration take its toll on a pregnant woman?
A woman might consume the same amount of water during pregnancy, that she used to consume before. If it did not dehydrate her then, why is she struck with it now? This is because, during pregnancy, the fetus extracts additional water, along with the food nutrition. Hence, the amount of water being consumed does not prove sufficient for the mother and the child. Dehydration can also occur due to the metabolic change or medication.

Another cause of dry mouth is underlying diabetes, which results in increased urination and thirst. Such diabetic symptoms lead to excess loss of water from the body. Thus, diabetic women are at a higher risk of developing dry mouth during gestation, than other healthy women. Pregnant women who go through these dry mouth and anxiety problems, should mention their medical conditions to their gynecologist.

Effects
It is pretty obvious how uncomfortable a dry mouth can make you feel.

  • Dehydration leads to overheating of the expectant mother’s body. Pregnancy gives it more scope. Rise in temperature in the mother’s body can leave the baby with the same experience.
  • The occurrence of dehydration in the first trimester may lead to NTD (neutral tube defects).
  • In the later stages, it may cause labor complications, cesarean delivery, premature delivery, uterus contraction or constricted umbilical cord.
  • Dehydration may not excrete the waste of the body of the baby and the mother properly.
  • This can cause a strain on the baby’s kidneys and liver, and is also not good for the mother.
  • Dehydration can lead to miscarriage.
  • It also makes you feel nauseated.
  • It decreases the volume of blood and causes fatigue in pregnant women.
  • Dry mouth increases bacteria build up, which also leads to cavities, tartar, bad breath and tooth decay.

Remedies
Although, dry mouth during pregnancy is not a complication for healthy women, those who have a medical history of gestational diabetes or any type of diabetes, need medical attention. The doctor may perform urine tests, blood tests and other diagnostic methods to detect diabetes. After confirmation, the concerned physician will recommend medications and lifestyle changes to bring the blood sugar level to normal range. Or in other words, with the treatment of diabetes, the symptoms of dry mouth and extreme thirst will be reduced.

In general, there is no particular treatment for dry mouth. After all, it is actually a symptom, not a disease. Nevertheless, there are certain self-care tips and home remedies that can be practiced to combat this discomforting condition. An effectual remedy to get relief from frequent incidences of very dry mouth, is drinking lots of water to make up for the water loss, and also to meet the requirements of the body. In order to stimulate production of saliva in the mouth, consider chewing sugarless gum or sucking on hard candies. As saliva moistens the mouth, you will get some relief.

Recommendations

  • Drink a lot of water. At least 2 – 3 liters everyday.
  • Consume wet foods like gravies, soups, curries, etc. Avoid dry food items.
  • Do not use mouthwashes that have alcohol present in them, because alcohol dehydrates the body.
  • Avoid salty, spicy and sugary food.
  • Avoid caffeine (tea, coffee and aerated drinks).
  • Have fruits that are high in water content. Fresh juices would also be helpful.
  • Try using artificial saliva that is available in sprays, tablets, rinses, gels, swabs, etc. However, most of these are available only if prescribed by a doctor.

In case dry mouth is accompanied with bad breath, seek advice from your concerned gynecologist regarding safe bad breath products that you can use. Maintaining good oral hygiene is crucial to minimize the risk of dental problems for you, and other health conditions for your baby. With proper remedies, this discomfort can be dealt with effectively, without causing medical complications.

Tips to Control Diabetes Naturally

Diabetes, it stays for life once it is diagnosed. You might be too robust a person, but the self-discipline and tenaciousness this disease requires, and that too over a lifetime, can tax you to the limit. Howbeit, had it not been these advancements and improvements in the comprehension of the causes, complexities, and cure of diabetes, physicians would have to helplessly stand by their patients overpowered by the intricacies this disease enfolds within. But, there is much more to it. Diabetes, which occurs due to lack of insulin, leads to metabolic abnormalities, thus, increasing the ketone bodies within the blood, mostly in places which lack insulin severely. Now, since your body doesn’t produce enough insulin, it is incapable of turning sugars into the energy required by it. As a result, the sugars that stay in your blood make your kidneys work harder than normal, leading to frequent urination, which is the most common symptom of diabetes.

It is because diabetes can increase the risk of heart diseases and strokes that it’s time you learn how to control the same. Naturally, diabetes can be regulated with the help of an uncomplicated lifestyle. The following natural cures for diabetes have had many people feel that their diabetes has been cured, and that they have bettered their lifestyle, thus, preventing the onset of diabetes. You too can do it, provided you take account of the following tips to cure diabetes naturally.

Note that, diabetes is of two types – Diabetes 1 which is a genetic defect, and can be cured only with the help of medication prescribed by a medical specialist, and Diabetes 2 which can be cured by keeping track of your diet and lifestyle. In order to naturally control the ailment, here are the three most important tips you need to keep in mind.

Bitter is Better
Research claims, anything that is bitter in excess is an excellent cure for diabetes. For example, a bitter melon is a known remedy for lowering your sugar levels. Grind a bitter melon everyday, strain the juice, and drink it on an empty stomach in the morning. Another method of consuming the bitter melon (which is really bitter) is to boil it and then eat it daily. On the other hand, neem leaves are equally bitter that make up for an excellent cure for diabetes. Fry them or crush them and take out the juice – neem leaves are beneficial either way. One of the most adapted methods of consuming neem leaves so that they do not taste too bitter is the preservation of these leaves till they dry, and then crush them into fine powder. You can mix a tablespoon of the powder in warm water, and drink everyday.

Healthy Diet is Right
You know, unless your immune system isn’t strong enough, fighting or controlling diabetes is an impossible deal. Hence, in a bid to control diabetes in the utmost natural manner, watch what you eat. To start with, carbohydrates and starch are a big no-no. Fats are of two types: good fats and bad fats. While bad fats such as potato chips, burgers, pizzas, etc., are saturated fats and are harmful for your body, good fats such as foods rich in omega-3 fatty acids provide you with all the good fats, and should be consumed in bulk. What’s more, anything that grows under the soil such as potato, and other vegetables that are root-type, should be consumed in little amounts. Eat raw vegetables, forget about sweets and junk, and most importantly, give up smoking. Include fresh fruits and vegetables in your diet. Last but not the least, include foods rich in chromium, magnesium, calcium, and zinc in the diet, for they not only help control blood sugar levels, but also help the body’s cells response to insulin.

Working Out will Work It Out
Exercising, particularly walking and swimming, makes muscles absorb glucose for energy which ultimately causes blood sugar levels to slump down, thereby, treating diabetes naturally. However, too often, in many diabetic patients, exercising tends to have opposite effects, wherein, rather than lowering blood glucose levels, it increases them, posing immense harm. As a result, it is always recommended you consult your physician and find out the type of exercise that works in the favor of your health, and that isn’t harmful in any way. Till date, walking, brisk walking in particular, is one of the best exercises that works in favor of controlling diabetes in the utmost natural way. Not only does it control diabetes, it also helps in reducing body weight. While type 2 diabetes is attributed by reduced sensitivity to insulin in the body, exercising improves the efficiency of production of insulin in the body. Many patients, who were once overweight, acquired this method of controlling diabetes in the natural way, and eventually, not only lost ounces, but also stopped experiencing diabetes symptoms.

Finding yourself drowning more and more into this disease for life can be hard to deal with. Time and again, you might just feel like giving up. At one point of time, it may disgust you to watch out on eating low-carb foods, staying away from your favorite sweets and desserts, and most importantly, a deteriorated sense of well-being. But then, there’s only one way of dealing with this situation, and that is to just do everything it takes to shove away the negative effects that diabetes has on your body, and embrace all the positive effects that work in favor of your health, and that will keep you hanging onto this lifestyle. Learning how to control diabetes naturally does make a difference in leading a healthy life. The ones having suffered from those traumatic days will be able to tell you better.

Pre Diabetic Diet

Normal fasting blood sugar ranges between 70 and 100 mg/dl in adults. As far as this range is maintained, there is no restriction in the daily diet of a person. But if the blood sugar is measured above or below the normal value, then it may be a matter of concern. According to the American Diabetes Association, if the fasting blood glucose level lies within a range of 100 to 125 mg/dl, and if the oral glucose tolerance test (OGTT) reading lies within a range of 140 to 199 mg/dl, it is termed as pre diabetes. Any value above this is considered as established diabetes. If you are diagnosed with pre diabetic conditions then you have a chance to convert this condition into normal. You just have to concentrate on the diet and some exercises to get over pre diabetic conditions.

A healthy diet can keep you away from lots of diseases and switching to a healthy diet is always considered as the best way to overcome any disease. If you have been detected with pre diabetic condition, then you need to bring it to its normal value. So, we are here to give you few of our diet recommendations for pre diabetic condition which will help you to get back to your normal blood sugar level.

Pre Diabetic Diet Guidelines

Pre diabetic condition can be easily overcome by following a proper diet plan. You just have to concentrate on healthy food and maintain a proper diet to avoid diabetes. By this and few exercise routine you can get back to your normal blood sugar level. Following are some of the tips to get yourself out of pre diabetes.

Vegetables in Pre Diabetic Conditions
When you are in a pre diabetic condition you need to have lots and lots of vegetables which are rich in fibers and are nutritious. Following is a pre diabetic food list which can help you to plan a menu for yourself.

  • Carrots
  • Spinach
  • Lettuce
  • Onion
  • Cucumber
  • Mushrooms
  • Cabbage
  • Cauliflower
  • Tomatoes
  • Green and fresh beans
  • Broccoli
  • Beets
  • Lettuce
  • Okra

Fruits in Pre Diabetic Conditions
Fruits are also very helpful in curing pre diabetic condition. Both fresh fruits and dry fruits are good for a pre diabetes diet. Fruit juices of the below given fruits can also help you if they do not have added sugar in it.

  • Apple
  • Oranges
  • Grapefruit
  • Lime
  • Peaches
  • Strawberries
  • Blueberries
  • Dried Apricots
  • Purines
  • Pears

Sea Food and Meat in Pre Diabetic Conditions
You can have sea food and meat when you are suffering from pre diabetic conditions but you need to restrict the daily intake to a weekly basis and have to choose the options from the below given list.

  • Sea food may include fish such as sardines, tilapia, tuna, haddock, cod, halibut, catfish herring, etc. It can also include shellfish.
  • Poultry product may have egg, chicken, turkey, duck, etc. but all without skin.
  • Other meat may have beef, pork and lamb but they should be fat-free.

Grains and Legumes in Pre Diabetic Conditions
Concentrate more on whole grains than on processed grains. Following list may help you with pre diabetic conditions.

  • Grain bread, such as buckwheat bread, oat bran bread, multi-grain bread etc.
  • Other product may include oat bran cereal, muesli, wild rice, brown rice, whole barley, buckwheat, whole wheat spaghetti, etc.
  • Legumes may include kidney or pinto beans, soybeans, garbanzo beans, split peas etc.

There are a number of diabetic foods to avoid from a normal diet. The food products which contain a high amount of cholesterol and fats should be avoided at this stage. You should avoid fried and oily things. Concentrate more on nutrients than on the taste of the food product. Avoid having desserts like ice creams, sweets, pudding, etc. at least till you achieve a normal blood sugar level. There are many pre diabetic recipes through which you can get better taste in a healthy way.

Apart from all these things, you should also include some exercises in your daily routine, which will help you to stay fit and will keep you away from pre diabetic condition. So, prepare a menu out of the pre diabetic diet guidelines given in this article and have a proper diet to avoid diabetes. Follow it daily and very soon you will observe your blood sugar coming back to its normal value.

How to Prevent Diabetic Neuropathy

Diabetic neuropathy is a disorder which can develop in diabetic individuals over time. It is characterized by nerve damage, that can occur in a particular area of the body or all throughout the body. According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, around 60 to 70 percent of the diabetic population develops neuropathy at some point in time. The incidence of diabetic neuropathy is higher in individuals who suffer from diabetes for more than 25 years. Diabetics who have high blood fat level, high blood pressure, poor control over their blood sugar level, and are overweight, are also prone to develop neuropathy.

  • Factors Resulting in Diabetic Neuropathy
  • High blood sugar level
  • Long duration of diabetes
  • Low insulin levels
  • High content of fat in blood
  • Nerve inflammation
  • Hereditary factors
  • Damage to blood vessels that supply blood to nerves
  • Lifestyle factors like alcohol consumption and smoking

Diabetes makes the life of an individual quite difficult. Developing another disorder along with it further increases the difficulty of such individuals. To avoid this, diabetic patients must adopt a few things to minimize the risk of developing diabetic neuropathy in the long run.

Tips to Prevent Diabetic Neuropathy

Learn about It
Diabetic patients run the risk of developing this disorder. Therefore, it is necessary for them to learn how this disorder can affect their lives, the symptoms associated with it, and what can be done to prevent it. Having the knowledge of these things will help them in identifying neuropathy, and taking necessary steps to prevent it too.

Detect Diabetes Early
Diabetes is a precursor of diabetic neuropathy. Early detection of diabetes in an individual will help in early control of blood sugar levels, which in turn will reduce the chances of developing neuropathy in the body. The disorder generally occurs after several years of diabetes. Taking control of it at an early stage is the best way to deal with both the conditions.

Control Blood Sugar Level
Individuals with very high blood glucose levels are more prone to develop neuropathy. Therefore, keeping a stringent check on sugar levels of the blood is very essential. Blood sugar levels must be maintained within the normal range to remain healthy, without being worried of developing another complication.

Control Weight
Being overweight is also a risk factor for developing neuropathy in diabetic individuals. Exercising helps in reducing excess weight, promoting nerve cell regeneration, and maintaining normal blood sugar levels.

Foot Inspection
Diabetic neuropathy is common in the feet. It results in loss of sensation in the area, due to which a small cut, blister or an injury may remain unnoticed. Regular foot inspection aims to find whether such instances indicating neuropathy are occurring in a diabetic person. Besides regular inspection, annual foot inspection by the diabetes team must also form a part of the routine.

Wear Comfortable Footwear
People with diabetes, specially high-risk individuals, must wear comfortable footwear. It must not be too tight or too loose for the feet. Leather and canvas are good options for the feet as they are flexible in nature. Walking shoes are also a comfortable option for a diabetic person’s feet.

Follow a Daily Care Routine for the Feet
The feet must be taken care of, to decrease the chances of developing neuropathy in the feet. They must be washed regularly with lukewarm water, and a moisturizer must be applied to prevent dryness and cracking. Toe nails must be cut regularly to avoid ingrown nails.

Regulate Life Pattern
Diabetics must regulate their life pattern by getting up early and going to bed at the right time. By doing so, they not only maintain a healthy lifestyle, but also improve glycometabolism, which is good for the prevention of this disorder.

Maintain a Balanced Diet
A proper diet plan is essential to maintain a steady blood sugar level. Foods rich in salt, sugar and saturated fats must be avoided, and ones with high fiber, vitamins and minerals must be included in the diet. Getting a proper diet chart prepared by a dietitian will be helpful in following a diet that is capable of maintaining normal levels of blood glucose.

Diabetic neuropathy is a serious complication associated with diabetes. Therefore, diabetics must take special care of themselves to prevent it from occurring. Apart from following what is mentioned above, consult a physician who can recommend better ways of preventing this chronic disorder in diabetic individuals.